PACIFIC CHALLENGER

  • General
    • Vessel Name : PACIFIC CHALLENGER
    • Operator : KIRBY INLAND MARINE, LP
    • Ships Type (ICST) : Tugboat
    • Vessel Type : Tugboat
    • Construction : Steel
  • Engine
    • Horsepower rating : 3000
  • Location
    • City : HONOLULU
    • STATE : HI
  • Capacity
    • Net Tonnage : 74
  • Size
    • Register length : 117.6 Feet
    • Regular Breadth : 34 Feet
    • Overall Length : 117.6 Feet
    • Overall Breadt : 34 Feet
    • Load draft : 14.1 Feet
    • Light Draft : 8 Feet
    • Height : 54 Feet
  • Other
    • Year : 1976
    • EQUIP1 : NONE
    • Coast Guard Number : 571631

KIRBY INLAND MARINE, LP

  • Area of Operation : GULF INTRACOASTAL WATERWAY; MISSISSIPPI, TOMBIGBEE AND WARRIOR RIVER SYSTEMS; ILLINOIS, OHIO AND TENNESSEE RIVERS
  • Principal Commodity : CHEMICAL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

KIRBY

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Sided Only)
  • Construction : Steel

BRIDGET CAULLEY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BRONCO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BUCKSKIN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAMERON BLAIR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. ALPHA DOUCET

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. BILL IKNER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. CHARLIE LAWRENCE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. DANIEL CLEMENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. FRANK GIBSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. FRANK STALLINGS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. JAMES HOOVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. JIM GREEN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. REGGIE LEBOEUF

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. RONNIE PAYNE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. SHORTY C

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPTAIN BILL ENGLISH

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAROLE L. BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHALLENGER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHARLOTTE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHESLEY E

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CINDY BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF CHICAGO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF FREEPORT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF GREENVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF JOLIET

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF JONESVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF LOUISVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF NATCHEZ

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF NEW ORLEANS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF PADUCAH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF PITTSBURGH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF REDWOOD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF VICKSBURG

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

COLORADO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

COMAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CREOLE MAMA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CREOLE TUT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CULLEN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DADE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAN L

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAVIS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAYTONA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DENNIS CHAMBERS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE CHALLENGE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE COURAGE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE EXPRESS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE LEADER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE PRINCE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE RAIDER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE RENEGADE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE TRAVELER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VALOUR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VANDAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VENGEANCE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VOLUNTEER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DUBLIN SEA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

EARL JONES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

EL LOBO GRANDE II

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

EL PASO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELIZABETH BLEILER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELIZABETH R

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELLIS DAVIS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELOY RIVERA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ENTERPRISE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ESCAMBIA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

FILLY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

FLORIDA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

FRANCIS BENEDICT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

GALVESTON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

GARY REED

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

GREENLAND SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

GUADALUPE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HENRY J. SOUDELIER III

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HONDO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HOUMA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

HOUSTON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

INDIAN RIVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

IRISH SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

J. E. O'DONNELL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JANICE CAROL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JAVA SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

JEFF MONTGOMERY

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

JESSICA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JIMMY SAULS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JOHN BRIX

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

KEY WEST

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

KIMBERLY JANE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

L. C. WILLIAMS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LABRADOR SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAMPASAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LANA LOUISE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAREDO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAVACA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEON JOHNSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEVITICUS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LIME ROCK

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LINCOLN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LLANO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LOU NATARO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LOUIE LEONE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LUCILLE BROOKS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LUCY W. HINES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LYDIA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARATHON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARCIA LYNN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARK L

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARYLAND

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MCKINLEY SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MEDINA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MEDITERRANEAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MELINDA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIAMI

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MICHAEL MCCREERY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIDAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIKE BIRD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS BETTYE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS HEATHER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS RACHEL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS ROLANETTE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS SUSAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISSION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MOBILE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MORGAN CITY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MR. BENNETT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAINA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKOA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKOLO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKUE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Aluminum

NATHAN E STEWART

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAUPAKA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAVIDAD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NECHES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NENE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICEVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICKIE B

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICOLE BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOHEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOHOLOA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOKE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOKEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORTH SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORTH WIND

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORWEGIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NUECES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NUNUI

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

OBSERVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

OLD PUSH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ORION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

OSPREY

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACESETTER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC AVENGER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC EAGLE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC FREEDOM

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC RAVEN

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC WOLF

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PALO DURO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PALOMINO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PARAGON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PASS CHRISTIAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PAULINE M.

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PEBBLE BEACH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PECOS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PEDERNALES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PENSACOLA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PORT ARTHUR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PRIDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

REBEL

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

RIVERSIDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROBERT G. STONE JR.

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROSS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROY BAKER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SABINAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SAINT CRISPIN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SAN JACINTO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SEA HAWK

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SENATOR STENNIS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SIBERIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SIRIUS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SONORA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SPIRIT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

STALLION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SUNFISH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SUSAN ELIZABETH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TAMPA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TASMAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TAURUS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TED B

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

THOR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TIGER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TINY SANDERSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TRINITY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

VENTURE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

VIKING

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

VOLUNTEER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

VOYAGER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

W. C. BINION JR.

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

WALTER S

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

WEDDELL SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ZEPHYR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ZEUS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ACHILLES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ADRIATIC SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

AGAMEMNON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AJAX

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AL MIDDLETON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ALICE JEAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ALTAIR

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANGELINA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANN BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANTIGONE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

APOLLO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

APPALOOSA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARABIAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARABIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARANSAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARCHIE WILSON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ATHENA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ATLAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AURORA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BARENTS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BEAUFORT SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BERING SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BETTY BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BIG AL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BIG BAY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BILL GARVEY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BISMARCK SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BLANCO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BLUEFISH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BOCA GRANDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BONNIE SUE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BRAZOS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BREWSTER KNOTT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEMON CREEK

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

LEO

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

NA-KAO

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

NO

  • Type : Other Liquid Cargo Barge Not Elsewhere Included
  • Construction : Steel

NO.

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

PUGET SOUNDER

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

REM

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

RIGEL

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

SASANOA

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

RA

  • Type : Flat / Deck Barge
  • Construction : Steel

ANTARES

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

CAPELLA

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

CASCADES

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

DBL

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

DENEB

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

KAYS POINT

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

News

Coast Guard Cutter Returns Home After Crew Tests Positive for COVID-19

Coast Guard Cutter Returns Home After Crew Tests Positive for COVID-19

A U.S. Coast Guard cutter's patrol in the Eastern Pacific has been cut short following a coronavirus outbreak on board, the Coast Guard said Wednesday.Legend-class cutter Stratton (WMSL-752) returned to its homeport Wednesday at Coast Guard Island in Alameda, Calif. after 11 crew members tested positive for COVID-19 during the deployment.

Australia Aids Listing Livestock Carrier

Australia Aids Listing Livestock Carrier

A Marshall Islands flagged livestock carrier listing from hull damage off Australia's western coast was directed to the Port of Geraldton.On Monday night, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) tasked its Challenger search and rescue jet to fly over the vessel Barkly Pearl, and it was able to confirm damage to the starboard side of the vessel, which was listing to port.

Pacific Drilling Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Again

Pacific Drilling Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Again

Offshore drilling firm Pacific Drilling and certain of its subsidiaries have filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy with the aim to eliminate $1.1 billion debt.The company, which had previously filed for Bankruptcy in 2017, said Friday that it and certain of its domestic and international subsidiaries had filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code in the

Eastern Pacific Shipping to Trial Biofuels

Eastern Pacific Shipping to Trial Biofuels

Singaporean-based Eastern Pacific Shipping (EPS) said it will trial biofuel bunkers aboard its 2010-built 47,377 dwt MR tanker Pacific Beryl.EPS, which has said it aims to test various alternative marine fuels in an effort to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions, has appointed Dutch-based GoodFuels to supply the biofuel bunkers.

Danish Offshore Wind Installation Firm Set for Oslo IPO. Picks New Name

Danish Offshore Wind Installation Firm Set for Oslo IPO. Picks New Name

Danish offshore wind turbine transportation and installation company Swire Blue Ocean (SBO) is getting ready for listing on the Oslo Stock Exchange, to position the company for the next phase of its growth.Also, Swire Blue Ocean, as a subsidiary of Swire Pacific Offshore, will be rebranded and renamed Cadeler.

What's Behind Rising Tensions in the South China Sea?

What's Behind Rising Tensions in the South China Sea?

The United States this week hardened its position on the South China Sea, where it has accused China of attempting to build a "maritime empire" in the potentially energy-rich waters, despite regional concerns.The rivals have accused each other of stoking tension in the strategic waterway at a time of strained relations over everything from the new coronavirus to trade to Hong Kong.

OVI: 103 Tons of Garbage Removed From North Pacific Gyre

OVI: 103 Tons of Garbage Removed From North Pacific Gyre

Ocean Voyages Institute’s marine plastic recovery vessel, S/V KWAI, docked at the port of Honolulu at the end of June after a 48-day expedition successfully removing 103 tons (206,000 lbs.) of fishing nets and consumer plastics from the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone (more commonly known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch or Gyre).

Containership Navos Unite Drops Boxes off Australia

Containership Navos Unite Drops Boxes off Australia

At lest three shipping containers were lost overboard from the containership Navios Unite last week off the coast of Australia, the country's maritime safety agency said.The ship reported losing the containers overboard in rough weather about 33 kilometers southwest of Cape Leeuwin in Western Australia at 8 p.m. AWST, Thursday.

All Sailors on US Aircraft Carrier to be Tested for COVID-19

All Sailors on US Aircraft Carrier to be Tested for COVID-19

All 5,000 personnel aboard the aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt will be tested for the coronavirus after the number of sailors on the ship who have tested positive for the virus increased, U.S. Navy officials said on Thursday.The move is the latest example of the coronavirus’s impact on the military.Acting U.S.

FMC Commissioner Sees Some Normalcy Returning to Shipping

FMC Commissioner Sees Some Normalcy Returning to Shipping

A U.S. Federal Maritime Commissioner said he sees some normalcy returning to trans-Pacific shipping amid widespread upheaval brought on by the coronavirus outbreak.Many Chinese manufacturing and logistics services have been severely hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in some cases forcing ocean carriers to cancel services to and from China and the U.S.

Murphy Charters Pacific Drilling Drillship for Mexico Wells

Murphy Charters Pacific Drilling Drillship for Mexico Wells

Deepwater drilling rig contractor Pacific Drilling has found more work for its Pacific Sharav drillship.The drilling company on Wednesday revealed that Murphy Oil had hired the drillship for work offshore Mexico. According to the fleet status report, Murphy has agreed to charter the unit for two firm wells and one optional well.

Trieste: 60th Anniversary of Deepest Dive

Trieste: 60th Anniversary of Deepest Dive

Plunging into the deep, dark abyss of the Pacific Ocean’s Mariana Trench, U.S. Navy Lt. Don Walsh and Swiss engineer Jacques Piccard heard a loud cracking sound in their vessel—the bathyscaphe Trieste, which the Office of Naval Research (ONR) purchased for scientific observations.Already 30,000 feet below sea level