HOUMA

  • General
    • Vessel Name : HOUMA
    • Operator : KIRBY INLAND MARINE, LP
    • Ships Type (ICST) : Tugboat
    • Vessel Type : Tugboat
    • Construction : Steel
  • Engine
    • Horsepower rating : 1800
  • Location
    • City : HOUSTON
    • STATE : TX
  • Capacity
    • Net Tonnage : 178
  • Size
    • Register length : 76 Feet
    • Regular Breadth : 35 Feet
    • Overall Length : 76 Feet
    • Overall Breadt : 35 Feet
    • Load draft : 9 Feet
    • Light Draft : 9 Feet
    • Height : 49.9 Feet
  • Other
    • Year : 2008
    • EQUIP1 : NONE
    • Coast Guard Number : 1204637

KIRBY INLAND MARINE, LP

  • Area of Operation : GULF INTRACOASTAL WATERWAY; MISSISSIPPI, TOMBIGBEE AND WARRIOR RIVER SYSTEMS; ILLINOIS, OHIO AND TENNESSEE RIVERS
  • Principal Commodity : CHEMICAL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

KIRBY

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Sided Only)
  • Construction : Steel

BRIDGET CAULLEY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BRONCO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BUCKSKIN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAMERON BLAIR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. ALPHA DOUCET

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. BILL IKNER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. CHARLIE LAWRENCE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. DANIEL CLEMENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. FRANK GIBSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. FRANK STALLINGS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. JAMES HOOVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. JIM GREEN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. REGGIE LEBOEUF

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. RONNIE PAYNE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPT. SHORTY C

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAPTAIN BILL ENGLISH

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

CAROLE L. BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHALLENGER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHARLOTTE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CHESLEY E

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CINDY BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF CHICAGO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF FREEPORT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF GREENVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF JOLIET

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF JONESVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF LOUISVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF NATCHEZ

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF NEW ORLEANS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF PADUCAH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF PITTSBURGH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF REDWOOD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CITY OF VICKSBURG

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

COLORADO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

COMAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CREOLE MAMA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CREOLE TUT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

CULLEN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DADE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAN L

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAVIS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DAYTONA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DENNIS CHAMBERS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE CHALLENGE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE COURAGE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE EXPRESS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE LEADER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE PRINCE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE RAIDER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE RENEGADE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE TRAVELER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VALOUR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VANDAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VENGEANCE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DIXIE VOLUNTEER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

DUBLIN SEA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

EARL JONES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

EL LOBO GRANDE II

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

EL PASO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELIZABETH BLEILER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELIZABETH R

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELLIS DAVIS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ELOY RIVERA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ENTERPRISE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ESCAMBIA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

FILLY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

FLORIDA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

FRANCIS BENEDICT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

GALVESTON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

GARY REED

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

GREENLAND SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

GUADALUPE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HENRY J. SOUDELIER III

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HONDO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

HOUSTON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

INDIAN RIVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

IRISH SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

J. E. O'DONNELL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JANICE CAROL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JAVA SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

JEFF MONTGOMERY

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

JESSICA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JIMMY SAULS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

JOHN BRIX

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

KEY WEST

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

KIMBERLY JANE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

L. C. WILLIAMS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LABRADOR SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAMPASAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LANA LOUISE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAREDO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LAVACA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEON JOHNSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEVITICUS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LIME ROCK

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LINCOLN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LLANO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

LOU NATARO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LOUIE LEONE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LUCILLE BROOKS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LUCY W. HINES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LYDIA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARATHON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARCIA LYNN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARK L

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MARYLAND

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MCKINLEY SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MEDINA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MEDITERRANEAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MELINDA BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIAMI

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MICHAEL MCCREERY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIDAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MIKE BIRD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS BETTYE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS HEATHER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS RACHEL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS ROLANETTE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISS SUSAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MISSION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MOBILE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

MORGAN CITY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

MR. BENNETT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAINA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKOA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKOLO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAKUE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Aluminum

NATHAN E STEWART

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAUPAKA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NAVIDAD

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NECHES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NENE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICEVILLE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICKIE B

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NICOLE BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOHEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOHOLOA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOKE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NOKEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORTH SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORTH WIND

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NORWEGIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

NUECES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

NUNUI

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

OBSERVER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

OLD PUSH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ORION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

OSPREY

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACESETTER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC AVENGER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC CHALLENGER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC EAGLE

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC FREEDOM

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC RAVEN

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC WOLF

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PALO DURO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PALOMINO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PARAGON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PASS CHRISTIAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PAULINE M.

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PEBBLE BEACH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PECOS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PEDERNALES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PENSACOLA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

PORT ARTHUR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

PRIDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

REBEL

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

RIVERSIDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROBERT G. STONE JR.

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROSS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ROY BAKER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SABINAL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SAINT CRISPIN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SAN JACINTO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SEA HAWK

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SENATOR STENNIS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SIBERIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SIRIUS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

SONORA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SPIRIT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

STALLION

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SUNFISH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

SUSAN ELIZABETH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TAMPA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TASMAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TAURUS

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TED B

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

THOR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TIGER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

TINY SANDERSON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

TRINITY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

VENTURE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

VIKING

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

VOLUNTEER

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

VOYAGER

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

W. C. BINION JR.

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

WALTER S

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

WEDDELL SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ZEPHYR

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ZEUS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ACHILLES

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ADRIATIC SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

AGAMEMNON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AJAX

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AL MIDDLETON

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ALICE JEAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ALTAIR

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANGELINA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANN BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ANTIGONE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

APOLLO

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

APPALOOSA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARABIAN

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARABIAN SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARANSAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ARCHIE WILSON

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

ATHENA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

ATLAS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

AURORA

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BARENTS SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BEAUFORT SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BERING SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BETTY BRENT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BIG AL

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BIG BAY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BILL GARVEY

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BISMARCK SEA

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BLANCO

  • Type : Tugboat
  • Construction : Steel

BLUEFISH

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BOCA GRANDE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BONNIE SUE

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BRAZOS

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

BREWSTER KNOTT

  • Type : Pushboat
  • Construction : Steel

LEMON CREEK

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

LEO

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

NA-KAO

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

NO

  • Type : Other Liquid Cargo Barge Not Elsewhere Included
  • Construction : Steel

NO.

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

PACIFIC

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

PUGET SOUNDER

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

REM

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

RIGEL

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

SASANOA

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

RA

  • Type : Flat / Deck Barge
  • Construction : Steel

ANTARES

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

CAPELLA

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

CASCADES

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

DBL

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

DENEB

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

KAYS POINT

  • Type : Liquid Cargo Barge (Double Hull)
  • Construction : Steel

News

Eastern Awarded Contract to Complete MPSV Builds for Hornbeck

Eastern Awarded Contract to Complete MPSV Builds for Hornbeck

Panama City Fla. based Eastern Shipbuilding Group announced it has been awarded a contract to complete construction of two ultra high-spec 400 class multipurpose support vessels (MPSVs) for Hornbeck Offshore Services (HOS).The newbuilds were originally started by Gulf Island Shipyards in Houma, La. before Hornbeck terminated the contracts in 2018 over what it described as "performance issues".

Offshore Wind: US Shipbuilders Answering the Call

Offshore Wind: US Shipbuilders Answering the Call

It’s a big deal when a U.S. president visits an American shipyard, and these trips always send a message. When President Obama spoke at HII’s Newport News Shipbuilding in 2013, he warned of the consequences of sequestration. President Trump’s 2020 speech at Fincantieri Marinette Marine touted a $5.

America's Sea Services Building Large Fleet of Small Ships and Craft

America's Sea Services Building Large Fleet of Small Ships and Craft

Not every vessel in the U.S. Navy is built for major combat operations on the high seas. There are large numbers of boats and service craft that provide essential services to the sea services, the nation and its partners.The U.S. Navy procures about 100 small boats per year. Some of these boats are based on commercial designs

2023 US Shipbuilding Report

2023 US Shipbuilding Report

Much has changed since Marine News’ 2022 shipbuilding report published in March last year, and business opportunities in certain market segments continue to grow. But the shipyards that are looking to cash in are still facing many of the same challenges.For example, many American shipyards and their partners throughout the shipbuilding supply chain are still finding it difficult to attract and

2023 Shipbuilding Report: US Passenger Vessels

2023 Shipbuilding Report: US Passenger Vessels

With travel and tourism nearing pre-2020 levels, and transit systems benefiting from a return to work, passenger vessels have seen renewed activity. In its year-end review, John Groundwater, Executive Director of the Passenger Vessel Association (PVA), which advocates for the sector in Washington, D.C.

BOEM Approves COP for Equinor's Empire Wind Project

BOEM Approves COP for Equinor's Empire Wind Project

The United States’ Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) approved the Construction and Operations Plan (COP) for Equinor’s Empire Wind project, marking another milestone in advancing the New York offshore wind project.With this permitting action by BOEM secured, Empire Wind is on track to begin construction in its federal lease area off the southern coast of Long Island later this year.

Edison Chouest Withdraws Title XI Application

Edison Chouest Withdraws Title XI Application

An affiliate of Edison Chouest Offshore has withdrawn its application for financing under the U.S. Maritime Administration's (MARAD) Title XI program.Title XI is a government loan program with the Federal Financing Bank as the lender. It is intended to promote the growth and modernization of the United States' merchant fleet and shipyards by offering repayment terms and interest rates that are

Keel Laid for US' First Plug-in Hybrid SOV

Keel Laid for US' First Plug-in Hybrid SOV

The keel has been laid for the United States' first plug-in hybrid service operation vessel (SOV) at Edison Chouest Offshore's (ECO) LaShip Shipyard in Houma, La.Louisiana-based ECO has a 10-year charter agreement to operate the SOV for Empire Offshore Wind, a joint venture between Equinor and BP, starting form the mid-2020s.

Birdon Announces Subcontracts for Waterways Commerce Cutter Builds

Birdon Announces Subcontracts for Waterways Commerce Cutter Builds

Birdon America, Inc. on Tuesday announced it has awarded the first wave of major subcontracts in support of its $1.187 billion contract to design and build 27 Waterways Commerce Cutters (WCC) for the U.S. Coast Guard. This announcement follows a successful initial Program Management Review (PMR), the first major milestone of the WCC program.

Thoma-Sea Awarded Contract to Build Two NOAA Research Ships

Thoma-Sea Awarded Contract to Build Two NOAA Research Ships

Houma, La. shipbuilder Thoma-Sea Marine Constructors has been awarded a contract to design and build two new research vessels for NOAA, for expected delivery in 2027 and 2028.The $624.6 million deal was awarded following a request for proposals that was open June–October 2022 and includes purchase options for up to two more vessels.

Powering the North American Maritime Fuel Transition

Powering the North American Maritime Fuel Transition

Offshore service vessels, along with workboats serving harbors and inland rivers, have embarked on an industry-wide voyage toward reduced emissions of greenhouse gasses. Professor Craig Philip, a faculty member with Vanderbilt University’s Center for Transportation and Operational Resilience (VECTOR) and former CEO of Ingram Barge Company

Cruise Ship Passenger Missing in the Gulf of Mexico

Cruise Ship Passenger Missing in the Gulf of Mexico

An American cruise ship passenger has been reported missing in the Gulf of Mexico.The U.S. Coast Guard said Tuesday it is searching for a man who reportedly went overboard from Carnival Cruise Line's Carnival Glory.The Coast Guard said its watchstanders at Sector New Orleans received a report around 12:40 p.m. n Monday from Carnival Cruise Line that they had an unaccounted-for passenger.